Wikipedia is just one encyclopedia, a ridiculously biased on. The collection of all the encyclopedias—that is what I mean by “the encyclosphere”—is more wide-ranging, fairer, and much larger. It contains sometimes surprising and, in 2023, delightful variety. Articles in other sources are frequently much more credible than those in Wikipedia. Limiting yourself to Wikipedia is like limiting yourself to just the mainstream media sources for your news. Why would you do that to yourself?
There is a problem, however. How can you find all those other articles?
Just Google it? That doesn’t work. Search engines don’t make it easy to discover what is in the encyclosphere. Sure, if you search Google, then you’ll be shown Britannica (typically after Wikipedia) and maybe one or two other mainstream sources like the History Channel or National Geographic. You will be none the wiser about the long tail of free articles online from the many alternative sources. Some of those sources are buried very deep indeed, and in fact might not appear at all for the searches you use. Some articles might as well not exist, as far as most search engines are concerned.
It’s worse than that. As many people have noticed in recent years, Google (and search results generally) have been getting worse, leading one blogger to claim, “Google Search Is Dying.”
The suckiness of Google Search is totally meme-worthy now.
That blogger is not wrong. Google is manipulating us, both by showing us mainstream Establishment sources and by effectively omitting large chunks of the internet. It’s getting to the point where it’s often actually faster to find information to go to certain websites and search there.
You might remember the days when Wikipedia was one of those websites we might search directly on. But Wikipedia, even if it is still huge and useful for some topics, is no longer reliable (psst…it never really was). Some of us simply refuse to use it:
Leaping into the breach are AI chatbots, which supply…answers. They are given to bullshitting (“hallucination,” AI experts call it, to make it sound cool) a good 20% of the time, by my completely unscientific estimate. They will get better, however—count on that. The chatbots could, but they do not, give quotations from real human beings; ever wonder why? They do often give you the names and descriptions of things to search for in a more traditional search; they also give you facts to check, and it can be easier to check the accuracy of an alleged fact than it can be to find an answer to a question in a wall of text. So that does help, for sure. AI is very impressive indeed.
But another major problem with AI is that they have been programmed to manipulate your opinions in much the same way that Wikipedia and mainstream media sources do. This is quite deliberate, I think, considering that Google, Wikipedia, YouTube and Twitter algorithms, etc., are deliberatively manipulative. So we can’t expect the problem to go away. Your overlords are pouring billions into AI in no small part because of how rich the opportunities are for using it to control how you think.
You don’t like that, do you?
I absolutely loathe it. It’s an epistemic catastrophe—a massive problem. Nothing less than our freedom and the truth are at stake.
We need truly decentralized free content networks
Here’s what we need, as it seems to me:
Let me flesh this out with a picture of what a world of free (or freer) information would look like.
Imagine all the free encyclopedias in a single free database. Not just Wikipedia, but Ballotpedia, Conservapedia, and so forth. Add all the free-to-read but proprietary encyclopedias (like Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy), not the articles themselves since that would be illegal, but the titles, URLs, and a description of each article. So now we’re adding things like the many national and state encyclopedias, and specialized encyclopedias about different branches of knowledge. Also, don’t think just English. We do that for all the encyclopedias in every language on the internet. And don’t think just the wikis. Think of every informational website of every kind, as long as they have paragraphs of descriptions of general topics of all sorts. Think also of public domain paper encyclopedias, digitized.
Got that picture? The database would be huge. It would have many more articles than are in Wikipedia.
Next, imagine that we create a common file format for encyclopedia articles. The common format makes it easy for us to share, store, search, and read the articles. The articles are digitally signed, which means you can prove that the articles originated where they are supposed to have originated.
Imagine that all those encyclopedias (or, at least, metadata about the articles) are in a decentralized database. That means there are multiple copies of the entire database located around the internet. Anyone can make a mirror, called an aggregator, complete or partial. Anyone can download articles from any aggregator, and they’re just as good as any copy.
Imagine that anyone knowledgeable about some topic could write an article and add it to this database directly, right from their own blog, wiki, or other sort of website. Now, they would have to package up their article in the encyclopedia format, digitally sign it, and submit it to an aggregator. But imagine there is some software to make that automatic and easy.
In fact, imagine all the software that runs this system is free and open source.
Finally, imagine that there are lots of front ends for this database—websites and apps—where you can search and read all those encyclopedia articles from one place.
This would harden free knowledge against attacks. No longer will authoritarian regimes and corporate arms be able to hide, suppress, restrict, control, and remove it from the internet. Free knowledge will be everywhere in multiple copies. This would be a truly decentralized content network. It would preserve humanity’s knowledge.
The encyclosphere: about 50% complete
This picture is what is guiding the Knowledge Standards Foundation, the 501(c)(3) I started in 2019 to make this dream into a reality. The overall project is about 50% finished:
This is not everything we have done. Though we have made a lot of progress, we still have quite a bit to do. We are going to include ultimately hundreds more encyclopedias and many millions more articles. We will develop more relationships with independent organizations who are developing their own aggregators. In short, we will help humanity to collect all the free encyclopedic knowledge online available into multiple copies.
The result will be much stronger and freer than Wikipedia alone.
We could use your help, especially with funding, but also with coding and ideas. Be sure to follow our Twitter account and to sign up for our newsletter. We’d love to talk to interested philanthropists, publishers, and developers.
by Larry Sanger
Original full article: https://larrysanger.org/2023/07/the-encyclosphere-is-greater-than-wikipedia/